_ Vol. 26 (1) (2000) pp. 35-52 _
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Fluid Dynamics Research, Vol. 26 (1) (2000) pp. 35-52
© 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
PII: S0169-5983(98)00047-1

Vortex enhancement in blood flow through stenosed and locally expanded tubes

Takuji Ishikawa * itakuji@mech.titech.ac.jp, Shuzo Oshima and Ryuichiro Yamane

Department of Mechanical Engineering and Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 Ookayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152, Japan

Received 26 December 1997; received in revised form 23 March 1998; accepted 28 October 1998

Abstract

It is well known that fluid dynamical phenomena in arterial blood flow can play an important role in arterial diseases. Periodic blood flow through stenosed and locally expanded tubes is analyzed numerically. The fluid is assumed to be non-Newtonian and incompressible, and the flow is assumed to be periodic in time and axisymmetric. It is found that the vortex downstream of stenosis or expansion becomes strongest at a certain frequency of pulsation. This phenomenon is called vortex enhancement in this paper. The flow pattern, separated region and the distributions of pressure and shear stress on the wall are obtained. The results show that the vortex enhancement occurs in both tubes. The vortex enhancement occurs where the difference between the adverse pressure and the friction on the wall is a maximum.

Keywords: Fluid dynamics; Bio-fluid mechanics; Resonance; Vortex; Pulsation; Non-Newtonian fluid; Stenosis; Numerical analysis

*Corresponding author. Tel./Fax: +81-3-5734-2178

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